COHESIVE DEVICES IN THE TEXTS WRITTEN BY THE SECOND SEMESTER STUDENTS OF PARAGRAPH WRITING CLASS OF MURIA KUDUS UNIVERSITY

MALINI AMALIYAH, HIMMA (2013) COHESIVE DEVICES IN THE TEXTS WRITTEN BY THE SECOND SEMESTER STUDENTS OF PARAGRAPH WRITING CLASS OF MURIA KUDUS UNIVERSITY. Skripsi Sarjana thesis, Universitas Muria Kudus.

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Abstrak

English is an international language used for communication both oral and written. When people speak or write, they produce the text. To create a good text, the writer must use a good cohesion to get a good link. Text is considered to be good if it fulfills two properties, they are cohesion and coherence. Cohesion is internal property, while coherence is contextual property of paragraph. Cohesive device is divided into grammatical cohesion and lexical cohesion. Grammatical cohesion consists of reference, substitution, ellipsis, and conjunction. Lexical cohesion consists of reiteration and collocation. In this research, there are two objectives of the research. They are to find out the types and the percentages of cohesive devices in the texts written by the second semester students of Paragraph Writing Class of Muria Kudus University. The design of this research is descriptive qualitative research. The data of this research is cohesive devices. Meanwhile, the data source is clause in the texts written by the second semester students of Paragraph Writing Class of Muria Kudus University. Based on the analysis of students’ texts, the writer found the percentages of types of cohesive devices. They are 1226 types of cohesive devices which contained 879 grammatical cohesion and 347 lexical cohesion. The results of grammatical cohesion are 579 as reference, 30 as substitution, 55 as ellipsis, 215 as conjunction and lexical cohesion are 47 as repetition, 10 as synonym, 184 as superordinate, 81 as general word, 25 as collocation. From the result, the highest percentages of types of cohesive devices is reference with 47,23% followed by conjunction with 17,54%, superordinate with 15,01%, general word with 6,61 %, ellipsis with 4,48%, repetition with 3,83%, substitution with 2,45%, collocation with 2,04% and the lowest is synonym with 0,81 %. It shows that the students mostly use reference in creating their texts whereas synonym is less used. So, there are relation among clauses from their sentences as well as the students’ texts has a good cohesion. Relating to the analyzing of cohesive devices, the writer suggests that we must pay attention for the use of cohesion make a good text. Cohesion can reduce confusion in understanding the texts because we know how the sentences or paragraph are related. The writer also hopes this research will be beneficial for the students, lecturers, readers and further researcher in order to use of cohesion in composition of writing a good text.

Tipe dokumen: Skripsi (Skripsi Sarjana)
Additional Information: Advisor: (1) Atik Rokhayani, S.Pd, M.Pd., (2) Dr. H.A. Hilal Madjdi, M.Pd.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Key Words : Cohesive Devices, lexical cohesion, grammatical cohesion, text
Subjects: Bahasa dan sastra > Bahasa Inggris
Divisions: Fakultas Keguruan & Ilmu Pendidikan > Pendidikan Bahasa Inggris
Depositing User: Ririn Mela Safitri
Tanggal Deposit: 14 Sep 2013 06:58
Last Modified: 14 Sep 2013 06:58
URI: http://eprints.umk.ac.id/id/eprint/1674

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